This article is originally made by me, Anggelina Purnama as the author of this blog. I wanna try to give my idea on things that I think really shape the world today. One of the things included this thing (nuclear weapon). I hope that there are gonna be good rules for the goodness and good rule to treat the badness.

NOWADAYS, people all around the world are talking about the nuclear weapon. Everyone wants to know what happens with the nuclear and what relates it to a weapon. Most people convince about the nuclear weapon is harmful. Most people will freely say “We are afraid”. Word ‘nuclear weapon’ comes out from the first word ‘nuclear power’ that quite long time is as pros and cons all around this world. So, what is the nuclear weapon? Why are people talking, looking for information, and dealing their thoughts with this nuclear weapon after lots of cons enough from nuclear power? Then, actually what is it?

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.[1] Nuclear energy actually happens from two reactions. The reactions are fusion reaction and fission reaction. The fusion reaction is a reaction when two or more atoms gathering together to form a new kind of bigger atom and goes out an enormous amount of energy. The fission reaction is a reaction when an atom splitting itself because the collision of other atoms to form new smaller atom and also goes out an enormous amount of energy. Fusion reaction happens to the nucleus of almost every star in the universe, besides fission reaction is all relating to nuclear power, nuclear power plant, explosion, and nuclear weapon. This fission reaction is dangerous if we don’t take any good responsibilities.

The thing I concern here is the fission reaction where there will be chances for world people to use it or abuse it. I will not talk more about fusion reaction where there is no human being going to control that kind of universe mechanism.

Ernest Rutherford as a Physicist in 1932 was firstly finding lithium atoms were split together by protons from a proton accelerator.[1] Then, from that process, it releases an immense amount of energy. This immense amount of energy is the reason why people want to use nuclear to get more energy for life. From this discovery, then coming to the further research related to nuclear power and finally coming out an idea to make nuclear weapon project.

Literally, I myself think that nuclear weapon project was born because of world’s imperialism and colonialism thinking. The weapon is used to defeat other countries, to damage other countries, and to inflict their economic development, to stir up trouble to the politics, and every part of the countries.

In this 2016, 21st century, we are willing technology being a modern thinking of the human being made. If it lets to negative purpose to damage the others, then we are going back to where human right crisis happened a long time ago, and letting ourselves come back to the primitive era where we don’t know what respect used for and how peace means to survive and grow together. Nuclear as an idea to decrease pollution from coal and another polluted energy sources, gives more powerful energy as a great discovery in this crisis energy without considering as pros and cons, we can say it is a new step how great human does research, education, and technology for reaching a better life.

Michael Shellenberger, a global thinker on energy, technology, and the environment told us about his perception to not fear nuclear power. And, these are what he said may fear people on using nuclear power. First is the safety of the plants themselves, then the waste of them, and the association between nuclear power with weapons. In this speech, Shellenberger thought that there is no country having nuclear power deciding to go getting the weapon.[2]

But, it was reported this year that North Korea had conducted a nuclear weapon test as the 5th nuclear weapons test since 2006. It was also reported that South Korea President, Park Geun-hye condemned the test, and saying North Korea demonstrated “fanatic recklessness” as a country that continues to cling to nuclear development.[3] From this, I may not give you I am standing on what country. But, I am going tell you what the very logical thinking almost everyone must think.

First, the test of the nuclear weapon has no logical reason, if testing it just for growing advanced technology. Kim Jong-un, North Korea President said that North Korea will not use the nuclear weapon unless its sovereignty is encroached upon.[4] This means the advanced of nuclear weapon technology will be used if its country feels threatened. The question we must notice is what country going to threaten the others is. And, what purpose one country going to threaten the others?

On September 17th, 1991, the General Assembly admitted both countries (The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea as known as North Korea and the Republic of Korea as known as South Korea) under Resolution 46/1 as members of the United Nations.[5] The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization which established on October 24th, 1945 after World War II. UN was established in order to make peace. The word ‘peace’ here is appropriately relating to a meaning as a state or period in which there is no war or a war has ended.[6] In this era, where technology becomes an inseparable part of human life and becomes a progress for the better life is aimed to also increase peace, comfortable life, better respecting human rights, and all the kindness for the better world.

The article 1 number one of the UN purposes, The Purpose of the United Nations is to “maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the preventive and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means…”. And, in the article 2 written that the Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles.[7]

That means particularly members of the United Nations, an international government committed peace as a number one purpose to gain better good world life. So, it is a must to do that. As we get back to why a country going to try and test nuclear weapon means, it does it because of a reason. If it’s said doing and testing doesn’t mean it will be used, except if the country under the pressure of the other countries, like being threatened, etc. Here, we logically think that nuclear weapon will not end just because one country wars with one country. The effect of nuclear weapon everyone knows is a worldwide effect. Testing nuclear weapon is the first step to being wrongly contravening commitment of peaceful life for this world. If a country testing the nuclear weapon, it means it does have a reason. If it has the reason, then it has known the impact. The impact of the nuclear weapon is undoubtedly attacking all the sectors of worldwide living.

I simply will say if our country gets threatened we can get a help from the world, from the United Nations, or may be other countries that are near geographically. We can know what the core of the problem, what the impact is, how to deal with the problem, and how to fix the problem to get solution and treaty. At the end, the world is going be always peace as it should be.

As one country HAS an intention at how it attacks against the others, it means it has passed over the others and must be punished. As a very small part of this beautiful world, as a citizen of one country from 195 countries in this world, as we and government don’t give a proper and smart policy of using nuclear weapon technology (as a negative purpose use), as we are ALL in the REAL threat one country argues if it can be in.

Yogyakarta, October 2016

REFERENCES
[1]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_power
[2]https://www.ted.com/talks/michael_shellenberger_how_fear_of_nuclear_power_is_hurting_the_environment
[3]http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2016/09/08/north-korea-conducts-apparent-nuclear-weapons-test/90101066/
[4]http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-36240040
[5]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korea_and_the_United_Nations
[6]https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/peace
[7]http://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/chapter-i/

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